{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deflang1033{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\fcharset0 Arial;}} {\colortbl ;\red0\green0\blue255;} {\*\generator Msftedit 5.41.15.1507;}\viewkind4\uc1\pard\sb100\sa100\b\f0\fs24 Juan Sebasti\'e1n Elcano\b0 (or \b del Cano\b0 ) ({\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Vizcaya"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Vizcaya}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/1476"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul 1476}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 - {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Pacific_Ocean"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Pacific Ocean}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/August_4"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul August 4}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/1526"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul 1526}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 ) was a {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Spain"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Spanish}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/List_of_explorers"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul explorer}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 . He commanded back home the first successful expedition to {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Circumnavigation"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul circumnavigate}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 the {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Earth"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul globe}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 in {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/1522"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul 1522}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 .\par A merchant ship captain from {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/w/index.php?title=Guetaria&action=edit"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Guetaria}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , Elcano violated Spanish law by surrendering a ship of his to {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Genoa"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Genoan}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 bankers in repayment of a debt. Seeking a pardon from the Spanish King {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Charles_V%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Charles V}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , he signed on, as a low level officer, to {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Ferdinand_Magellan"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Ferdinand Magellan}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 's expedition to circumnavigate the globe. Elcano was made captain of Conception, one of five vessels. Spared from {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Execution"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul execution}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 by Magellan after taking part in a failed {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Mutiny"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul mutiny}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , Elcano went on to take command of the fleet when Magellan was killed in the Philippines, on {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/April_27"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul April 27}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/1521"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul 1521}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 .\par On {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/September_6"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul September 6}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , 1522, Elcano sailed into {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Sanl%FAcar_de_Barrameda"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Sanl\'facar de Barrameda}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 , Spain, aboard the Victoria, along with 17 other Europeans survivors of the 265 man expedition, and 4 Indians aboard. The profits of the {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Spice"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul spices}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 they carried made them rich though. The king conceded him a {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Coat_of_arms"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul coat of arms}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 picturing a globe with the motto: \i Primus circumdedisti mihi\i0 (in Latin, "You went around me the first"). In fact, it was an {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Henry_the_Black"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul East Asian native}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 who was a servant of Magellan, that became the first man to circumnavigate the world when the fleet arrived to his home country.\par In {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/1525"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul 1525}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 Elcano was appointed to the command of a fleet of 7 ships and sent to claim the Indonesian islands {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Moluccas"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Moluccas}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 for Spanish king Charles V. Elcano died of {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Malnutrition"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul malnutrition}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 somewhere in the {\field{\*\fldinst{HYPERLINK "/wiki/Pacific_Ocean"}}{\fldrslt{\cf1\ul Pacific Ocean}}}\cf0\ulnone\f0\fs24 while attempting a second circumnavigation of the planet.\par \pard\f1\fs20\par }